A steam heating boiler is generally a heating component that heats water until it is turned into steam under some required pressure. The water is stored in a closed vessel in a steam heating boiler Lynbrook NY.
Any fuel most commonly coal is burnt which generates hot gas. This hot gas is transferred to the water which produces steam in the boiler. Having a steam heating boiler is very common in thermal power plants. Many types of boilers are used for different purposes.
The efficiency of the steam heating boiler is calculated by measuring the total heat exported outside to the total fuel burnt or the total heat supplied. Thermal efficiency, combustion efficiency, and fuel to steam efficiency are included in it. The efficiency of the steam boiler depends on the size of the boiler. The average efficiency of the boiler ranges from 80% to 88%. There are mainly two types of boilers namely the fire tube boilers and water tube boilers.
Fire-tube boilers have several tubes in which hot gas passed immersed in water are passed to a closed vessel. In a fire tube boiler, there is one closed vessel in which the hot tubes pass that heats the water. This heated water is then converted into steam which is still enclosed in the same vessel.
The fire-tube boilers are incapable of high-pressure hot water heating Lynbrook NY since both the gas and water remain in the same vessel. The average capacity of a fire tube boiler is at 9 metric tons of steam per hour, it can produce maximum steam of 17.5 kg/cm².
There are mainly two different types of fire tube boilers namely external furnace fire tube boilers and internal furnace fire tube boilers. This division is categorized into more sub-divisions. Horizontal return tubular boiler, short firebox boiler, and compact boiler are the three types of external furnace fire tube boilers. Horizontal tubular boilers and vertical tubular tube boilers are the further two categories of internal furnace fire tube boilers.
Each of the boilers has its advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of a fire-tube boiler are as followed. Having a fire tube boiler is compact in construction and thus can be installed anywhere and everywhere. The steam fluctuation can be calibrated easily and demand can be met easily too. Last but not the least, having a fire tube boiler installed is comparatively cheaper and thus is one of the most preferred choices among many.
The disadvantages of a fire tube boiler are that since the water demand is quite larger for operation, it takes a longer time than usual to rise the steam need at the mentioned pressure. As already mentioned, the water and steam being in the same vessel, it is impossible to use extreme pressure. And also the steam coming from the fire tube boiler are not dry as needed.
In a water tube boiler, the tubes contain water that is heated and hot gasses surround it. This is the basic operation of any hot steam boiler. Like the fire tube boiler, the water tube boiler also has its categories and divisions. The categories are horizontal straight tube boiler, bent tube boiler, and cyclone fired boiler.
Horizontal straight tube boilers are categorized into two namely longitudinal drum water tube boiler and cross drum water tube boiler. Bent tube boilers are categorized into four which are two drum bent tube boiler, three drums bent tube boiler, low head three drum bent boiler, and four drums bent tube boiler.
The advantages of using a water tube boiler are that it can use many water tubes with large heating places, the movement of water and heating rate is faster and high, even a very high pressure of 140 kg/cm² can be easily obtained. The disadvantages of water tube boilers are that it is not compact and is very costly for purchase. Being very large, transporting and constructing the water tube boiler is very difficult.
To know more about steam heating boilers and to have them installed, the right plumbing services company Oceanside NY is Scully’s Plumbing. Call 516-887-1122 for more information.